ETHIOPIA – The Ethiopian government has granted the Ethiopian Communication Authority permission to grant a license to Global Partnership for Ethiopia, a consortium led by Safaricom and consisting of Vodafone, Vodacom, Safaricom, and Sumitomo Corporation.
The consortium will pay US$850 million for the license and will spend US$8.5 billion.
MTN, the other competitor, bid US$600 million but did not receive the license.
“We will soon open a bid for the remaining licence,” said Balcha Reba, director-general of the Ethiopian Communications Authority.
Sumitomo will, however, own 25% of the company while the CDC Group, the UK’s development finance institution, is expected to hold 10% of the new consortium’s shares.
This follows a recent review of its previous position on foreign participation in Ethiopia’s mobile money services by the ECA. Hence, for the first time in history, the country would be letting foreigners into its financial services.
According to a source, the proposed new telecom licenses will enable licensees to sell mobile money services. They will also not be limited to using Ethio Telecom’s infrastructure, according to the same source.
Notwithstanding the expected entry of Safaricom into mobile money services, Ethio Telecom, the state-owned telecoms outfit had proceeded to launch Telebirr, its mobile money service recently. Ethio Telecom’s Telebirr is already available to the company’s over 53 million customers.
Ethiopia had received harsh criticism from a number of authorities, including the World Bank in February, for its policy of prohibiting new operators from offering mobile money and restricting infrastructure competition.
Despite the latest move to allow foreign participation in the provision of mobile money services, Ethiopia (which is Africa’s second most populated country after Nigeria) continues to place a bar on foreigners owning stakes in banking, insurance, brokerage services, and legal consultancy businesses.
In October 2020, after series of negotiations and deliberations, the National Bank of Ethiopia (NBE), finally granted a license to state-owned telecoms company, Ethio Telecom, to start mobile money service in the country.
This followed the issuance, in April 2020 by the bank, of a regulation called Licensing & Authorization of Payment Instrument Issuers. For the first time in Ethiopia’s history, the regulation allowed mobile money transactions.
The regulation has also opened up the country’s financial services sector to include that a licensed payment instrument issuer may, with the relevant agreement with regulated financial institutions and pension funds, be allowed to provide micro-saving products; micro-credit products; micro-insurance products; or pension products in the country.
The National Bank of Ethiopia also issued, that same year, a “Licensing and Authorisation of Payment System Operators Directive (ONPS/02/2020), allowing financial technology companies (fintechs) to start off payment processing and related services in Ethiopia.
Five licenses under the payment system operator directive include National Switch, Switch Operator, ATM Operator, POS Operator, and payment gateway license.